The routine eye examination uses: medical history, objective examination with slit lamp, tonometry, ophthalmometry, autorefractometry, visual acuity, background evaluation. Depending on the need and / or the pathology that the patient requires, the doctor will indicate the most appropriate instrumental diagnostic test to be performed. Depending on the case the pupils of both eyes can be dilated for a more thorough evaluation of the posterior segment of the eye.
The eye examination to validate the suitability for refractive surgery is also based on a series of instrumental examinations and subsequent dilation of both pupils.
Orthoptics is a branch of ophthalmology that aims to identify any sensory and muscular abnormalities of the visual apparatus.
The orthoptic examination is divided into numerous exams: cover test, evaluation of extrinsic ocular motility, stereo test, test of accommodation and convergence, Hess screen, and examinations of visual acuity for far and near vision.
At the end of the visit, if necessary, in the case of strabismus with double vision (diplopia), press-on prisms may be prescribed in order to correct the defect.